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    新东方网>英语>公共英语(PETS)>模拟试题>正文

    2019年全国英语等级考试三级阅读理解模拟试题 (2)

    2019-02-25 13:58

    来源:新东方网编辑整理

    作者:


      如何快速提升英语水平?通过公共英语考试?大量练习英语阅读题是很好的方式,阅读集词汇、翻译、语法于一体,整体锻炼考生的英语综合能力。下面是公共英语三级阅读练习题,欢迎了解!


      Students of United States history,seeking to identify the circumstances that encouraged the emergence of feminist movements,have thoroughly investigated the mid-nineteenth-century American economic and social condition that affected the status of women.These historians,however,have analyzed less fully the development of specifically feminist ideas and activities during the same period.Furthermore,the ideological origins of feminism in the United State have been obscured because,even when historians did take into account those feminist ideas and activities occurring within the United States,they failed to recognize that feminism was then a truly international movement actually centered in Europe.American feminist activists who have been described as“solitary”and“individual theorists”were in reality connected to a movement—utopian socialism—which was already popularizing feminist ideas in Europe during the two decades that culminated in the first women's rights conference held at Seneca Falls,New York,in 1848.Thus,a complete understanding of the origins and development of nineteenth-century feminism in the United States requires that the geographical focus be widened to include Europe and that the detailed study already made of social conditions be expanded to include the ideological development of feminism.
      The earliest and most popular of the utopian socialists were the Saint-Simonians.The specifically feminist part of Saint-Simonianism has,however,been less studied than the group's contribution to early socialism.This is regrettable on two counts.By 1832 feminism was the central concern of Saint-Simonianism and entirely absorbed its adherents'energy;hence,by ignoring its feminism,European historians have misunderstood Saint-Simonianism.Moreover,since many feminist ideas can be traced to saint-simonianism European historians'appreciation of later feminism in France and the United States remained limited.
      Saint-Simon's followers,many of whom were women,based their feminism on an interpretation of his project to reorganize the globe by replacing brute force with the rule of spiritual powers.The new world order would be ruled together by a male,to represent reflection,and a female,to represent sentiment.This complementarity reflects the fact that,while the Saint-Simonians did not reject the belief that there were innate differences between men and women,they nevertheless foresaw an equally important social and political role for both sexes in their utopia.
      Only a few Saint-Simonians opposed a definition of sexual equality based on gender distinction.This minority believe that individuals of both sexes were born similar in capacity and character,and they ascribed male-female differences to socialization and education.The envisioned result of both currents of thought,however,was that women would enter public life in the new age and that sexual equality would reward men as well as women with an improved way of life.
      1.It can be inferred that the author consider those historians who describe early feminists in the United States as"solitary"to be
      A.insufficiently familiar with the international origins of nineteenth-century American feminist thought.
      B.overly concerned with the regional diversity of feminist ideas in the period before 1848.
      C.not focused narrowly enough in their geographical scope.
      D.insufficiently aware of the ideological consequences of the Seneca Falls conference.
      参考答案:A
      参考解析:本题是一道标点符号题。通过本题题干中的"solitary"一词可将本题的答案信息中心确定在第一段第十?#23633;?#31532;一段第四句话,通过仔细阅读和理解本句话以及本句前后的两句话,可以得出本题的正确选项A.其实美国的女权主义运动者并不“孤单”(solitary),因为她们的思想?#25176;?#21160;是和?#20998;?#22823;陆的女权主义者有着千丝万缕的联系,是国际女权运动的一部分。考生在解题时要善于理解标点符号,更要善于对原文的细节进行推导。
      2The author's attitude toward European historians who have studied the Saint-Simonians is primarily one of
      A.approval of the specific focus of their research.
      B.disapproval of their lack of attention to the issue that absorbed most of the Saint-Simonians'energy after 1832.
      C.approval of their general focus on social conditions.
      D.disapproval of their lack of attention to links between the Saint-Simonians and their American counterparts.
      参考答案:B
      参考解析:本题是一?#32769;?#33410;推导题。根据本题题干中的"European historians"可将本题的答案信息来源迅速确定在第二段第四句,通过阅读本句分号前后的内容,可以推导出作者的态度是否定?#27169;?#20854;否定原因是第二段第四句分号前半部分所表达的内容。本题的正确答案应该是B.考生在解题时一定要注意原文细节的推导,尤其是分句之间存在因果关系的时候。
      3.The author mentions all of the following as characteristic of the Saint-Simonians EXCEPT
      A.The group included many women among its members.
      B.The group believed in a world that would be characterized by sexual equality.
      C.The group was among the earliest European socialist groups.
      D.Most members believed that women and men were inherently similar in ability and character.
      参考答案:D
      参考解析:这是一道归纳推导题。但是本题的题干确没有明确给出本题在原文中的准确信息来源。这时考生就会迷失答题思路。请同学们一定要记住?#22909;?#24403;自?#22909;?#22833;答题思路时,一定要多想一想全文的中心主旨句和每段的主题句,这会帮助考生寻找到解题的思路。本题的正确答案应该是D,因为选项D所表达的内容和本文尾段第一、二句所表达的内容相反。选项A、B、C的内容分别在第三段第一句、第三段第二句以及第二段首句涉及。考生在解题时一定要牢记段落主题句。
      4.It can be inferred from the text that the Saint-Simonians envisioned a utopian society having which of the following characteristics?
      A.It would be worldwide.
      B.It would emphasize dogmatic religious principles.
      C.It would most influence the United States.
      D.It would have armies composed of women rather than of men.
      参考答案:A
      参考解析:这是一道审题定位题。从本题题干中的"envisioned"(设想,预想)一词可将本题的答案信息来源迅速确定在倒数第二段第一句和第二句,因为倒数第二段第一句含有"project"(计划,规划)一词,倒数第二段第二句含有表示未来的"would"一词。通过仔细阅读倒数第二段的第一、二句话,发现这两句话都包含"globe"或"world",可见本题的正确选项应该是A.考生在解题时一定要善于利用题干中的词语迅速而准确地进行审题定位。
      5.According to the text,which of the following would be the most accurate description of the society envisioned by most Saint-Simonians?
      A.A society in which women were highly regarded for their extensive education.
      B.A society in which the two genders played complementary roles and had equal status.
      C.A society in which women did not enter public life.
      D.A social order in which a body of men and women would rule together on the basis of their spiritual power.
      参考答案:B
      参考解析:这是一道反推题。通过本题题干中的"most Saint-Simonians"可将本题的答案信息来源迅速确定在尾段的第一句。根据尾段第一句进行反推即逆向思维,可得出本题的正确答案是B.考生在解题时一定要时时牢记反推题型,并且经常利用自己的逆向思维能力。
      参考译?#27169;?br />   美国历史系的学生试图?#39029;?#20419;使女权主义运动兴起的环?#24120;?#20182;们彻底调查了19世纪中叶影响妇女地位的美国经济和社会状况。?#27426;?#36825;些历史学家对同一时期具体女权主义思想和活动的发展分析较少。此外,美国女权主义的思想渊源一直被遮蔽,因为?#35789;?#21382;史学家确实考虑到在美国发生的那些女权主义思想和活动,他们也没有认识到当时的女权主义?#23548;?#19978;是一场真正的国?#35797;?#21160;。以?#20998;?#20026;中心。被描述为“孤独的”和?#26696;?#20307;理论家”的美国女权主义活动家?#23548;?#19978;与一场运动——乌托邦社会主义——有关,该运动在20年间已经在?#20998;?#26222;及女权主义思想,并最终在第一次妇女权利会议上达到高潮。E于1848在纽约塞尼卡福尔斯举?#23567;?#22240;此,要全面了解19世纪美国女权主义的起源?#22836;?#23637;,?#25176;?#35201;把地理焦点扩大到包括?#20998;蓿讯?#31038;会状况的详细研究扩大到包括女性意识形态的发展。因式主义。
      最早和最受欢迎的乌托邦社会主义者是圣西蒙斯人。?#27426;?#22307;西蒙主义中具体的女权主义部分,比起该组织对早期社会主义的贡献,很少有人研究。这两点令人遗憾。到1832年,女权主义是圣西蒙主义的中心议题,并完全吸收了其追随者的能量;因此,?#20998;?#21382;史学家忽视了女权主义,误解了圣西蒙主义。此外,由于许多女权主义思想可以追溯到圣西蒙主义,?#20998;?#21382;史学家对法国和美国后来的女权主义的评价仍然有限。
      圣西蒙的追随者,其中许多是女性,他们的女权主义基于对圣西蒙以精神力量的统治取代野蛮力量来重新组织全球的计划的解释。新的世界秩序将由一个?#34892;?#32479;治,代表一个反?#24120;?#19968;个女性,代表情?#23567;?#36825;种互补性反映了这样一个事实,即虽然圣西蒙人并不否认?#20449;?#20043;间存在着天生的差异,但他们仍然预见了?#20449;?#22312;乌托邦中具有同等重要的社会和政治作用。
      只有少数的圣西蒙斯人反对性别平等的定义。少数人认为?#20449;?#29983;来在能力?#25176;?#26684;上相似,他?#21069;涯信?#20043;间的差异归因于社会化和教育。?#27426;?#36825;两种思潮的设想结果是,妇女将在新时代进入公共生活,?#20449;?#24179;等将以改善的生活方式奖励男人和妇女。

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